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人教新目标英语九上 Unit 1 How do you study for a test?

作者:佚名   发布时间:2010-11-23 10:55:01   浏览次数:1249
目标认知
重点词汇:
  1. aloud      高声地、大声地      2. pronunciation   发音、发音法
  3. differently   不同地、有区别地     4. pronounce     发音
  5. quickly     快地、快速地       6. excited      激动的、兴奋的
  7. slowly     慢地、缓慢地       8. realize      认识到、意识到
  9. mistake     错误、过失        10. afraid      怕的、害怕的
  11. secret     秘密、诀窍        12. trouble      困难、苦恼、忧虑
  13. fast      快地、迅速地       14. deal       处理
  15. unless     如果不、除非       16. regard      看作、视为
  17. easily     容易地、简单地      18. influence     影响
  19. friendship   友谊、友情、友爱     20. frustrating    令人沮丧的、令人失望的

重点词组及句型:
  1. not at all    根本不、全然不   2. end up           结束、告终
  3. make mistakes  犯错误、出错误   4. first of all        开始、起初
  5. later on     以后、随后     6. be afraid to do      害怕做某事
  7. laugh at     嘲笑、取笑     8. take notes         做笔记
  9. make up     构成、组成     10. look up          查阅、查词典
  11. deal with    处理、处置     12. go by           (时间)的过去、消失
  13. break off    终止、打断     14. try one’s best to do   尽力做某事
  1.-How do you study for a test? 你如何为考试而学习?
   - I study by listening to tapes. 我是通过听磁带来学习。
  2. It’s too hard to understand. 太难了,听不懂。
  3. Some students had more specific suggestions. 一些学生有更独特的见解。
  4. Li Lianli, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English
    magazines.
    例如,李莲莉说学习英语新单词的最好的方法是阅读英语杂志。
  5. She said memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little.
    她说记忆流行歌词也可以有一点帮助。
  6. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too
    quickly.
    然而, 有时候他发现看电影令人沮丧,因为那些人说得太快。
  7. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked.
    首先,对我来说,很难明白老师所讲的知识。
  8. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word.
    起初,她说得太快,我不是每个单词都能听懂。
  9. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can watch the
    actor say the words.
    他认为看英语电影是一种不错的方法,因为他能看到演员说英语。
  10. I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有一个可以一起练习英语的同伴。
  11. If you don’t know how to spell new words, look them up in the dictionary.
    如果你不知道如何拼写新单词,就查字典。
  12. When we are angry, however, we are usually the ones affected.
    然而,当我们生气的时候,通常我们自己就是受影响的人。
  13. How do we deal with our problems? 我们如何处理我们的问题?
  14. As young adults, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our
    education with the help of our teacher.
    作为青年人,在老师的帮助下尽我们最大努力应对教育上的每一个挑战是我们的义务。

日常用语:
  1.-How do you study for a test? 你如何为考试而学习?
   - I study by listening to tapes. 我是通过听磁带来学习。
  2. What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation?通过朗读来练习发音怎么样?
  3. You can always write the new words in your notebook and study them at home.
    你可以总是把新单词写在你的笔记本上并在家里学习它们。
  4. You should find a pen pal. 你应该找一个笔友。
  5. Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English?
    为什么不加入英语语言俱乐部来练习说英语?

精讲巧练
1. -How do you study for a test? 你如何为考试而学习?
- I study by listening to tapes. 我是通过听磁带来学习。

  (1)介词by的意思是“由、靠、用、通过”,by后面用名词、代词或者动名词形式作宾语。
     例如:We study English by speaking with teacher. 我们通过与老师会话来学习英语。
  (2)by后面用名词的时候不用冠词,表示乘坐某种交通工具的意思。
     例如:They go to work by bus. 他们乘坐公共汽车上班。
随时练
  【考例】I usually go to school ______ bus, but today I go there _____ my father’s car.
  A. by; by    B. by; on   C. on; by    D. by; in
  【答案与解析】答案是D。介词by和表示交通工具的名词连用中间不用冠词,如果名词前面用冠词或者物主代词的时候,用介词on one’s bike,in one’s car。

2 It’s too hard to understand. 太难了,听不懂。
  句型 too+形容词/副词+to do something的意思是“太......而不能......”,这个句型可以和not+形容词/副词+enough to do或 so+形容词/副词+that相互转换。
  例如:You are too young to go to school. 你太小了,还不能上学。
  也可以写成:You are not old enough to go to school.
        You are so young that you can't go to school.
随时练
  【考例】Your room is too dirty ______.
  A. living    B. to living    C. to live    D. to live in
  【答案与解析】答案是D。本句子是考查too...to do something的用法。后面用动词不定式,因为live是不及物动词,必须加in,your room才能作不定式的宾语,即live in the room,所以不能丢掉介词in。

3. Some students had more specific suggestions. 一些学生有更独特的见解。
  (1)本句子的单词specific是形容词,它的意思是“特别的、独特的、特有的,明确的 具体的”,
     它还可以修饰名词。
     例如:Our English teacher has a specific teaching style.
        我们的英语老师有独特的教学风格。
  (2)suggestion是可数名词,它的意思是“建议、意见”,它的同义词advice是不可数名词,
     一条建议是a piece of advice。
     例如:Can you give us some suggestions of learning English?
        你能给我们一些学习英语的建议吗?
随时练
  【考例】Mr. Wang often gives us some _____ on our English study.
  A. advices    B. suggestion    C. advice    D. way
  【答案与解析】答案是C。在some的后面可以用可数名词的复数形式,也可以用不可数名词,这里的advice是不可数名词,如果用suggestion/way应该是复数形式。

4. Li LianLi, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines.
例如:李莉莲说学习英语新单词的最好的方法是阅读英语杂志。

  (1)短语for example的意思是“例如”,它的同义短语是for instance。for example作插入语可以
     放在句子的开头、中间或者句子末尾,一般用逗号隔开。
     例如:For example, playing football in the street is very dangerous.
        例如,在街道上踢足球是非常危险的。
  (2)the best way to do something的意思是“做某事的最好方法、最佳方式”,动词不定式作定语
     修饰名词way。
     例如:Can you tell us the best way to learn English?
        你能告诉我们学习英语的最佳方式吗?
随时练
  【考例】They said the best way ______ there is by ship.
  A. going    B. go    C. to go    D. went
  【答案与解析】答案是C。本句子是考查动词不定式作定语修饰名词的用法,短语the best way to do something是固定搭配。

5. She said memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. 她说记忆流行歌词也可以有一点帮助。
  (1)said的后面是宾语从句,主句是一般过去时,从句用过去某种时态。
     例如:My father said he would go to Beijing next week. 我爸爸说下星期他将去北京。
  (2)动名词短语作主语,如果是一般现在时,谓语用第三人称单数形式。
     例如:Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes. 看电视太多对你的眼睛有害。
随时练
  【考例】He said at that time he _______ TV.
  A. watched    B. is watching    C. was watching    D. would watch
  【答案与解析】答案是C。本句子的主句是一般过去时,宾语从句用过去某种时态,从时间状语at that time可以判断是用过去进行时。

6. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly. 然而, 有时候他发现看电影令人沮丧,因为那些人说得太快。
  (1)however是副词,它的意思是“然而”,可以放在句子开头、中间或者结尾,用逗号隔开。和
     but是同义词,但是but是并列连词。
     例如:Your brother is young, but he knows a lot about the language.
        你弟弟很年轻,但他对语言知识了解很多。
  (2)frustrating是形容词,它的意思是“令人沮丧的”,另一个形容词是frustrated,它的意思是
     “让人感到沮丧的”。类似的形容词:interesting/interested ,exciting/excited。
随时练
  【考例】I found it _______ that I can’t understand them.
  A. frustrate    B. frustrating    C. frustrated    D. to frustrate
  【答案与解析】答案是B。本句子是用形容词作宾语补足语。形容词frustrating是表示“某事令人沮丧”的意思。

7. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked. 首先,对我来说,很难明白老师所讲的知识。
  (1)first of all的意思是“首先、第一”,经常用在句子的开头,用逗号隔开。
     例如:First of all, we must go there by plane. 首先,我们得乘飞机去那里。
  (2)句型It is/was +形容词+for somebody+to do something的意思是“对某人来说做某事是怎么
     样的”。it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式。
     例如:It’s good for you to eat more vegetables. 对你来说多吃蔬菜是有好处的。
随时练
  【考例】It’s not polite for you ______ loudly to the old men.
  A. speak    B. to shout    C. talk    D. talked
  【答案与解析】答案是B。本句子的it是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式,所以用动词不定式。

8. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word. 起初,她说得太快,我不是每个单词都能听懂。
  动词不定式短语to begin with的意思是“开始、起初”,这是一个习惯用语,经常放在句子开头。
  例如:To begin with, we haven’t got enough money. 起初,我们的钱不够用。
  动词短语begin with的意思是“以——开始”,和start with是同义词短语,它的反义词短语是end up(以——结束)。
  例如:This class begins with an English song. 这节课以一首英语歌曲开始。
随时练
  【考例】The meeting begins _____ laughing and ends up ___.
  A. to;cry    B. with; crying    C. of; to cry    D. to; crying
  【答案与解析】答案是B。动词短语begin和介词with搭配,end和介词up搭配。介词的很忙用动名词形式作宾语。所以选择B。

9. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can watch the actor say the words. 他认为看英语电影是一种不错的方法,因为他能看到演员说英语。
  (1)动词短语watch somebody do something的意思是“看到某人做某事”,用省略to的动词不定式在句子中作宾语补足语。类似的动词短语还有:see/hear/notice somebody do something。
  (2)这些动词的后面还可以用动名词作宾语补足语,表示看到某人正在做某事的意思。例如:We hear your sister singing in the room. 我们听到你妹妹在房间在唱歌。
随时练
  【考例】We watch your mother ____ your room just now.
  A. to enter     B. to go     C. enter     D. go
  【答案与解析】答案是C。本句子是在动词watch的后面用省略to的动词不定式作宾语补足语,从句子的意思理解用go还需要加介词into。enter的意思是进入,不需要用介词。

10. I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有一个可以一起练习英语的同伴。
  (1)动词不定式短语to practice English with作定语修饰名词partner。partner作介词with的宾
     语,所以介词with不能省略。
  (2)动词不定式短语作定语要放在被修饰的名词、代词后面。
     例如:We have many questions to ask. 我们有许多问题要问。
随时练
  【考例】We don’t have a room _______ at the moment.
  A. live     B. live in     C. to live      D. to live in
  【答案与解析】答案是D。动词不定式短语作定语要放在被修饰的名词、代词后面。动词不定式短语和名词有动宾关系,而且动词是不及物动词,所以介词in不能省略。

11. If you don’t know how to spell new words, look them up in the dictionary. 如果你不知道如何拼写新单词,就查字典。
  (1)how to spell new words是有特殊疑问词how+动词不定式构成的动词不定式短语,
     在某些动词的后面作宾语。
     例如:I don’t know what to do next. 我不知道下一步向什么。
  (2)动词短语look up的意思是“查词典”或者查阅信息。如果是名词作宾语可以放在动词短语的后面
     或者中间;如果是代词作宾语,放在动词短语的中间。
随时练
  【考例】If you don’t know the meaning of the word, you can_____ in the dictionary.
  A. look it over    B. look it up    C. find    D. look up it
  【答案与解析】答案是B。从句子的意思了解是查词典的意思,动词短语look up是表示查词典的意思,如果是代词作宾语要放在动词短语的中间。

12. When we are angry, however, we are usually the ones affected. 然而,当我们生气的时候,通常我们自己就是受影响的人。
  (1)这是主从复合句,when引导的时间状语从句,we usually the ones affected是主句。
  (2)affected是过去分词,作定语修饰the ones,相当于定语从句who are affected。
随时练
  【考例】-Have you ever read the novel ______ by Lu Xun? -No, never.
  A. was written    B. writes    C. written     D. writing
  【答案与解析】答案是C。本句子是考查过去分词的用法,用过去分词作定语修饰名词novel相当于定语从句which was written。

13. How do we deal with our problems? 我们如何处理我们的问题?
  (1)动词短语deal with的意思是“处理”。
     例如:You should deal with many problems during the match. 在比赛中你要处理许多问题。
  (2)deal with还可以表示“对付、收拾”的意思。
     例如:Your partner is easy to deal with. 你的伙伴好对付。
随时练
  【考例】You should learn _______ these problems.
  A. how to deal with   B. what to deal with   C. how to deal   D. what to deal
  【答案与解析】答案是A。动词不定式短语how to deal with作宾语。动词deal是不及物动词,与后面的名词有动宾关系,所以介词with不能省略。

14. As young adults, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge in our education with the help of our teacher. 作为青年人,在老师的帮助下尽我们最大努力应对教育上的每一个挑战是我们的义务。
  (1)As young adults在本句子中作状语,as是介词,它的意思是“作为”。
     例如:We learn English as a second language. 我们把英语作为第二语言来学习。
  (2)try one’s best to do something的意思是“尽某人最大努力做某事”。
     例如:You should try your best to do your work well. 你应该尽最大努力做好你的工作。
  (3)with the help of somebody=with one’s help,它的意思是“在某人的帮助下”,
     with不能用under来代替。
     例如:With the help of my mother, I can finish my work on time.
        在我妈妈的帮助下,我按时完成工作。
随时练
  【考例】We all passed the exam ____ the help of our teacher.
  A. under    B. on    C. in    D. with
  【答案与解析】答案是D。表示在某人的帮助下用介词短语with the help of,不能用under。

写作进行时
  某学校决定让学生轮流打扫厕所,以此作为教育学生的一种方式。这件事在学生中引起强烈的反应,请把下面不同的意见整理成为书面材料报告给学校。
同意 不同意
1. 多数学生是独生子女,不会做事。 1. 很脏,学生容易生病。
2. 学会做艰苦的工作。 2. 不是学生应该做的事情。
3. 学会理解和尊重清洁工的劳动。 3. 打扫教室就够了。
  注意:1. 短文应该包括表格所有内容,可以适当发挥,不要逐字翻译。
      2. 100个单词左右,开头给出,不计单词数。
      3. 提示词:尊重 respect
  写作过程:
  (1) 审题 :要求给出答案:写汇报材料,介绍不同的观点,说明和介绍用一般现在时。
  (2) 列出相关的短语和句子:
  1.It’s good for students to clean the toilet.
  2. Most are the only child in the family, seldom do housework.
  3. It’s necessary for them to learn how to do hard work and how to respect the cleaners.
  4. Others disagree with it.
  5. Doing that can make the students fall ill.
  6. It’s not the students’ duty.
  7. Cleaning the classroom is enough.
  (3) 谋篇(即句型,连接词):
  1. Because. 2. and 3. so 4. but 5. As a student
  (4) 写作:Some students say ______________________________________________
   ___________________________________________
  范文:
  Some students say it’s good for students to clean the toilet. Why? Because most of the students are the only child in their family, and they seldom do the housework at home. They think the most important thing for them is to study hard. So it’s necessary for them to learn how to do hard work and how to respect the cleaners. But other students disagree with it. They say doing some cleaning like that usually makes the students fall ill because it’s dirty. The students have to clean the classroom, and it’s enough. As a student, the most important thing is to study hard and get great progress.






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