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Unit 1 art new words 第一课时

作者:   发布时间:2011-06-03 10:24:21   浏览次数:1010

Unit 1 art  new  words  第一课时

Teaching Aims  

1 .Knowledge Aim  

  Help the students can read and use the new words .

2. Ability Aim  

  To learn the news and use them

3. Emotional Aims  

1)        Encourage the students learn more about the art  

1)        Help the students to form the good habit in learning.  

2)        Encourage the students to do more exercise consolidate the knowledge.   

Teaching Important Point  

  Enable the students to use the correct form o f of the new words

Teaching Difficult Point  

一、语言要点    (旨在提供综合运用所需材料)

1.         faith  n.信仰;信任;信心

 [重点用法]

have faith in sb./sth.对某人/某事有信心

lose faith in 不再信任,失去信心

be faithful to sb. [sth.] 忠实于某人[某事]

faithful adj.忠实的

faithfully adv.忠实地

[典例]

1) Having faith in the masses is the requirement by government.相信群众是对政府的要求。

2) Under no circumstance shall we lost faith in the future.在任何情况下,我们都不该对未来失去信心。

[练习] 汉译英

1) 他对我的能力很有信心。

2) 虽然只是一个小挫折,却让露丝对成功失去了信心。

Keys: 1)He has faith in my ability. 2) Though it’s only a small frustration, it made Rose lose faith in success.

 

2.         aim   n. 目标;目的;瞄准vi.&vt.瞄准(向某方向)努力

[重点用法]

take aim (at) 瞄准

aim at瞄准;旨在,针对;志在

aim high 怀大志; 力争上游

[典例]

1) What is your aim in life?你生活的目的是什么?

2) He aimed the gun at the enemy officer.他用枪瞄准了敌军官。

3) Our factory must aim at developing new models of machines.我们的工厂必须致力于研制新型机械。

[练习]根据句子的意思在横线上填人适当的词或词组。

1) This anti-smoking campaign mainly____ (针对)young teenagers

2) The hunter____ (瞄准)the lion and fired

3) He ______ (力求)at accuracy.

4) He could not ________ (瞄准)straight.

5) He is leading a life without _____(目标,方向).

Keys:1)aims at 2)aimed at 3) aimed 4) aim  5) aims

 

3.         typical adj. 典型的, 象征性的;不出所料;特有的

[重点用法]

be typical of…代表; 象征

[典例]

1) Xianglin shao is a typical character in Leiyu典型人物

2) grasp typical cases抓典型

3) It’s typical of her to be late.她这个人就是爱迟到。

[练习] 汉译英

1) 抢挑重担是他的特点。

2) 温暖,潮湿的气候在南方很典型。

Keys: 1) It is typical of him to take hard jobs . 2) Warm and wet weather is very typical in south China.

 

4.         adopt vt. 采用,采纳; 收养

[重点用法]

adoption n.采用;收养

形近词:adapt v. 使适应, 改编

adaptation n. 适应, 改编, 改写本

[典例]

1) In the meeting, all the works agreed to adopt a new idea to reform the factory.

会议中所有员工都同意采纳新意见以改革工厂.

2) Many new couple are eager to adopt the children losing their parents in the earthquake.

许多新夫妇都期望可以收养在地震中失去双亲的孩子.

[练习] 汉译英

1)健康而没有孩子的夫妇依法可以收养一个小孩。

2)这部影片是为了孩子们从一本很受欢迎的小说改编而来

Keys: 1) The healthy couple without children can adopt a child by law. 2) The film was adapted from the popular novel for children.

 

5.         convince vt. 使确信;使信服

[重点用法]

convince sb. of sth.使某人相信某事

convince sb to do sth说服某人做某事

be convinced of sth相信某事

be convinced that+从句相信某事

[典例]

1) He was convinced of his error. 他认识了错误

2) He convinced me that I should study law.他劝我应该学法律。

3) It took many hours to convince the court of his guilt.花费了许多个小时法庭才相信他有罪。

4) We convinced Anne to go by train rather than plane  我们说服了安妮放弃乘飞机而坐火车走。

【高考考例分析】

To catch up with the times, we must keep ourselves __________of the current news.

A.     warned  B. informed  C. convinced  D. accused

[解析]  本题考查四个动词的含义,这四个词都可以与of搭配, warn sb. of sth.警告某人某事,inform sb. of sth.通知某人某事,convince sb. of sth.说服某人相信某事,accuse sb. of sth.指控某人某事。本句译为:为了跟上时代,我们必须使自己知道当前的新闻。

[答案] B

[练习]根据句子的意思在横线上填入适当词或词组。

1) He_____ me ____  his innocence.

2) After his discussion, I ______ that I was wrong.

3) It is no use trying ________ him to quit smoking.

Keys: 1)convinced…of  2)was convinced  3)to convince

 

6.         attempt  n. 努力;尝试;企图vt.尝试;企图

[重点用法]

attempt sth.试图做……; 努力去执行(完成)某事 

attempt to do企图做某事

make an attempt at sthto do sth.企图做某事

[典例]

1) The prisoners attempted an escape, but failed. 囚犯企图逃跑,但是失败了

2) An astronaut will attempt to leave the stationary spaceship and then return to it

一名宇航员将试着离开停着的宇宙飞船,然后再回到里面去。

3) The boys made an attempt to leave for camping but were stopped by their parents

男孩子们想去野营但被他们的父母们拦住了。

 [练习] 汉译英

1) 我试图与她取得联系。

2) 他无意进行这件事情。

Keys: 1) I attempted to get in touch with her.  2) He made no attempt to carry it out.

 

7.         predict vt.预言;预告;预测(侧重从已知的事实推断或根据自然规律断定未来的事情。

[重点用法]

predict sth.

predict that

prediction n. 预言, 预报

 

 

 

Unit  1  art   language  points 第二课时

Teaching Aims  

1 .Knowledge Aim  

  Help the students can read and use the new  expressions

2. Ability Aim  

  To learn and use  new  expressions

3. Emotional Aims  

1)        Encourage the students learn more about the art  

1)        Help the students to form the good habit in learning.  

2)        Encourage the students to do more exercise consolidate the knowledge.   

Teaching Important Point  

  Enable the students to use the correct form o f of the new words

Teaching Difficult Point  

1.       a great deal大量

[典例]

1) Thanks a great deal for your help with our work.非常感谢你给我们工作上的帮助。

2) A great deal of money was used in rescuing the victims in wenchuan earthquake.

大量的金钱被用于援救汶川地震中的受害者。

[短语归纳] 表示许多,大量

a great deal of/a good deal of/a large amount of/much/not a little可用于修饰不可数名词

a few/quite a few/a good many/a great many/a great number of可用于修饰可数名词

a lot of/a large quantity of/large quantities of/plenty of  既可修饰可数名词又可以修饰不可数名词

[练习] 汉译英

1) 我还有许多事情需要处理。

2) 大量充足的雨水带来了丰收。

3) 许多孩子在这次可怕的事故中失去了双亲。

Keys: 1)I have a number of things to do.

2)Plenty of rain resulted in the harvest of crop.

3)Great numbers of children lost their parents in the terrible accident.

 

2.  by coincidence巧合地  

[典例]

1) By coincidence, we will take the same bus back home.真巧合,我们要搭同趟车回家。

2) By coincidence, his wife is one of my classmate in college.巧合的是他的妻子是我大学的一个同学。

[短语归纳]

by accident 碰巧,偶然

by chance碰巧,偶然

on purpose故意

[练习] 汉译英

1) 在北京参加会议时,我碰巧遇上多年未见的同学。

2) 退休后,一个偶然的机会他喜欢上慢跑。

Keys: 1)When I attended a meeting in Beijing, I met my old classmate never seen for long time by chance.

2)He took up jogging after his retire by accident.

 

3.  on the other hand另一方面

[典例]

1)      If you want to improve your ability, on the one hand, you should attend some related lectures; on the

other hand, you should learn something useful from workers around you.

[练习]翻译句子

1) 他决定辞职。一方面因为他厌倦了目前的工作;另方面他想换个地方。

2) 出于自尊,她拒绝了他的帮助,另方面她不想欠别人的人情。

Keys: 1) He decided to quit. On the one hand, he was tired of the present job; on the other hand, he wanted to move to another place.  2) She refused his help with dignity; on the other hand, she didn’t want to owe others.

 

4.       in the flesh活着的;本人

[典例]

1) In the performance, you can see your idols in the flesh.表演中,你可以亲眼看到你的偶像。

2) His appearance in the flesh ended the rumours about his death.他本人的出现打破了他人已经死去的谣言。

[练习] 汉译英

1) 当使用信用卡时,需要你的本人签名。

2) 他是活着的最受欢迎的学者。

Keys: 1) When using your credit card, you need to sign your name in the flesh.

     2) He is the most popular scholar in the flesh.

 

5.       in (the) possession of拥有(属于)

[典例]

1) They are still in possession of the house, so we have to wait for another time.他们依然拥有房子的产权,所以我们还得等待一段时间。

2) The factory is in the possession of one of my friend, who moved to Australia several years ago.这家工厂是属于我一个朋友的,几年前他搬到澳洲去了。

[短语归纳]

in one’s possession……掌握

in charge of负全责, 经管,

in the charge of……负责,经营

take possession of占有,拥有

take charge of 负责,看管

[练习] 汉译英

1) 我管理这家公司,也就是这家公司由我管理。

2) 我所掌握的消息是严格保密的。

Keys: 1) I am in charge of the company. That is, the company is in the charge of me.

     2) The information in my possession is strictly confidential.

 

6.       in consequence因此,结果

[典例]

1) He got a bad cough. In consequence, he had to ask a doctor for help.

2) He had to ask a doctor for help in consequence of his bad cough.

他咳得很厉害,因此,他不得不去看医生。

[短语归纳]

in consequence of... 的结果, 因为...的缘故, 由于

as a consequence因而, 结果

[练习] 汉译英

1) 雨很大,结果街道变成一片汪洋。

2) 因为他付出的努力,他取得了非凡的成就。

Keys: 1) It rained heavily. As a consequence, the streets were in flood.

     2) He got a marvelous achievement in consequence of his great effort.

 

7.       appeal to(对某人)有吸引力;向...呼吁[请求]

[典例]

Bright colours appeal to small children. 小孩喜欢鲜艳的颜色。

We are appealing to anyone who saw the suspect to contact us.

我们恳请任何人看到嫌疑犯后与我们联系。

[短语归纳]

appeal to sb. for...向某人呼吁[请求]

appeal for aid请求援助

appeal for mercy [sympathy] 请求宽恕[同情]

appeal to arms [force] 诉诸武力

[练习] 汉译英

1) 政府呼吁市民节约用水。

2) 意识到自己的错误,这个犯人请求宽恕。

Keys: 1) The government appealed to citizens for saving water.

     2) Realizing his mistakes, the criminal appealed for mercy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit 1  art  writing  第四课时

Teaching Aims  

1 .Knowledge Aim  

  Help the students can read and use the new sentences

2. Ability Aim  

  To learn the news and use them

3. Emotional Aims  

1)        Encourage the students learn more about the art  

1)        Help the students to form the good habit in learning.  

2)        Encourage the students to do more exercise consolidate the knowledge.   

Teaching Important Point  

  Enable the students to use the correct form o f of the new sentences

Teaching Difficult Point  

Learn  the important  sentences

1. But it was evident that ideas were changing in the 13th century when painters like Giotto di Bondone

began to paint religious scenes in a more realistic way.

但是,很显然在13世纪时(人们的)思想正经历着变化,像乔托这样的画家开始以一种较为现实的风格来画宗教场景。

[解释] It is evident that…(很)显然“it”在句中充当形式主语,“that”引导的主语从句为真正的主语。为了

句子的平衡移到后面,可以避免句子结构的头重脚轻.

[典例]It's evident that the plan is impracticable. 很明显这计划是不能实现的。

It was evident that the couple’s still love for each other. 很显然这对夫妇依然爱着对方。

[练习] 汉译英

1) 很显然,在警察赶到前犯罪现场经过了伪造。

2) 很明显政府正试图帮助大学生就业。

Keys: 1)It was evident that the accident spot had been counterfeited (伪造)before the traffic policeman came.

     2) It is evident that the local government is trying to help the graduates with employment.

 

2. They tried to paint people and nature as they really were.他们试图真实地描绘人物与自然。

[解释] as 1) conj.  (1)如,像;按照……  (2)时候,一面一面…;随着 (3)因为,既然 (4)尽管

2) prep. 作为,如同

 [典例]

1) The work is not so easy as you imagine.这项工作并没你想象的那么容易。

2) Everything goes as I expected.事情正如我期望那样进行着。

3) As day goes by, the boy became more patient with his girlfriend.

随着日子的流逝,男孩对女朋友越来越有耐心了。

4) They sang songs as they were doing farm work.他们一边干农活一边唱歌。

5) As he still a child, he lived in a remote village with his old granny.

他小的时候和他的祖母生活 在一个遥远的村庄里。

6) As everything is ready, let’s go.既然都准备好了,我们出发吧。

7) Ridiculous as it seems, the tale is true. 。这个故事看似荒唐,却是真的

8) As a work of art it is very poor. 作为艺术品这是十分拙劣的。

9) As your good friend, I had to give you the kindest advice.

作为你的好朋友,我得给你我最善意的忠告。

[练习] 汉译英

1) 随着你年龄的增长, 你会变得更聪明。

2)  (既然)你累了, 最好休息一下。

3) 他虽然尽了最大努力, 仍不能搬动那块石头。

4) 作为一个诚实的孩子,你应该向父母说出事实.

Keys: 1)You will grow wiser As you grow older.

     2) As you are tired, you had better rest.

     3)Try As he would, he could not lift the rock. 4) As an honest child, you should tell the truth to your parents.

 

3. Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists.

突破传统绘画风格的画家中包括了印象派画家。

[解释] 本句为倒装句,原语序为:

The Impressionists were among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting.

本句结构为介词短语+连系动词+主语(倒装语序)

在英语语法中,当介词短语/形容词/分词提到连系动词前面时,句子要求采用全部倒装。构成介词短语/

形容词/分词+连系动词+主语(倒装语序)全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。

[注意]

此结构通常只用与一般现在时一般过去时

[典例]

1) Growing around the garden are different kinds of flowers.花园里开满了五颜六色的花。

2) Near the window is a sad mother.窗户的旁边是一位悲伤的母亲。

[练习] 汉译英

1)出席英语晚会的有我们喜欢的英语老师。

2)农民生活中很重要的一件事情就是看中央电视台新闻。

Keys: 1).Also present at the evening party was our favorable English teacher.

     2Very important in the farmers’ life is the CCTV news.

 

作业:写一篇作文,介绍一位艺术家的生平,要用上本单元的句式

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit  1  art      reading 第三课时

Teaching Aims  

1 .Knowledge Aim  

  Help the students can read and understand the text

2. Ability Aim  

  To learn the way  to read

3. Emotional Aims  

1)        Encourage the students learn more about the art  

1)        Help the students to form the good habit in learning.  

2)        Encourage the students to do more exercise consolidate the knowledge.   

Teaching Important Point  

  Enable the students to use the correct form o f of the new sentences

Teaching Difficult Point  

 

1课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)

根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法:

Western art is   1   (影响)by the way of life and   2   believe of people. During the Middle Ages the main aim of painters was to represent   3  (传统的)themes. Artists were interested in  4   (create) respect and love for God. In the Renaissance new ideas and values took the place of those   5  (hold)in the Middle Ages when people focused more on humans. One of the most important   6  discover during this period was how to draw things in perspective. In the late 19th, Europe changed from a mostly   7   agriculturesociety to a mostly industrial one.   8  (印象派) dated from the late 19th to the early 20th century. However, at first the paintings of this period were thought to be  9  (可笑的) . Then modern art, the painter does not attempt to paint objects as we see them with our eyes but concentrates   10  certain qualities of the object.

答案:1. influenced     2.beliefs       3.religious           4.creating        5.held    

6.discoveries      7.agricultural     8.Impressionism      9.ridiculous      10.on

2课文大意概括 (旨在训练用30个单词概括大意的能力)

阅读课文,试着用30来个单词概括课文大意或翻译下面短文。

本文主要通过描述了开始形成于公元6世纪最重要的西方艺术风格,其中包括中世纪文艺复兴的印象派和现代艺术。

        The passage mainly describes

 

答案:The passage mainly describes the most important style of Western art which starts form the 6th century AD, including the Middle Ages the Renaissance, the Impressionism and Modern Art.

3课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和运用能力)

1.原句Without the new paints and the new technique, we would not be able to see the many great masterpieces for which this period is famous.没有新的颜料和新的(绘画)手法,我们就不能看到很多使这一时代著名的杰作。

 [模仿要点] 句子结构 without + N , 主句(用虚拟语气) + 介词+which 引导的定语从句

模仿1如果没有这项政策,并不是所有的孩子将能够上学接受家长无法支付教育的。

答案:Without the policy, not all the children would be able to go to school to receive the education for which their parents were not able to pay.

模仿2没有她及时的帮助,我们就不会完成我们负责的项目,。

答案:Without her timely help, we would not have finished the project for which we were responsible.

 

2原句Among the painters who broke away from the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists, who lived and worked in Paris.在那些突破传统画法的画家中有生活和工作在巴黎的印象派画家。

 [模仿要点] 句子结构:among(介词)位于句首的倒装句,+ which/who 引导非限制定语从句

模仿1在所有最有吸引力的城市中有湛江 ,它是最近被正式宣布为十大休闲城市之一。

答案:Among all the cities that are most attractive is Zhanjiang, which was recently officially declared one of the Top Ten Casual Cities in China.

模仿2在所有获得奖学金的学生中有杰克,他是来自贫困家庭,现在正在做兼职来维持自己。

答案:Among all the students who received the scholarships is Jack, who is from a poor family and now is doing a time to support himself. 

 

3. 原句At the time they were created, the Impressionist paintings were controversial, but today they are accepted as the beginning of what we call “modern art”.在印象派作品的创建初期,它们是存在着争议的,但是今天已被人们接受而成为现在我们所说的现代艺术的始祖。

 [模仿要点] 句子结构:at the time 引导状语从句,主句1 +  but + 主句2 + what 引导的宾语从句

模仿1在他们首次在互联网上使用时,因特网术语导致误解,但今天他们却被接受为青年人称为词汇的来源。

答案:At the time they were firstly used on the Internet, Internet Slang Terms led to misunderstanding, but today they are accepted as what young people call sources of vocabulary.

模仿2

答案:At the time they graduated from high school in the past, all the students were confused whether to find a job or continue their schooling, but today they understand what is commonly accepted that education is only way out.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第五课时  练习 巩固

 

词语辨析1.possess/own/have  . possess/own/have vt.占有, 拥有,

【解释】

possess较为正式,强调对目前拥有或占有的东西可以控制或支配。也用于表示具有某种才能,品质特点或性能等。

own强调所属关系

have常用词,可指任何情况下的具有,包括物质的或精神的。

【练习】选择possess/ownhave 并用其适当的形式填空

1) We ­­­­­­­­______ a dinner party on for tomorrow evening.

2) She ______ herself of the unclaimed goods.

3) Daisy _______ a chain of restaurants though still young. 拥有连锁餐厅

4) we all like to attend Professor Zhang’s lecture because he _______ great tact.

Keys: 1) have  2) possessed 3) owns 4) possesses

2. technique/technology   technique/technology n.技术

【解释】

technique常指针对方法,技巧而言的技术尤其指音乐,艺术,写作的技能/

technology常指工业或科学技术,是较为广泛的概念

【练习】选择techniquetechnology,并用其适当的形式填空

1) Science and ________ can strengthen a nation.

2) The actor has the ________ of amusing the audience.

3) The use of __________ of metals brought a great fortune to the local people.

Keys: 1) technology 2) technique  3) technology

3. shadow/shade  

shadow/shade n.阴影

【解释】

shadow [C] 指人或东西在阳光或灯光下形成的影子。

shade [U] 指任何遮住阳光得到的阴凉的地方。

【练习】选择shadowshade并用其适当的形式填空

1) Sometimes people will get frightened by his own ______ especially at night.

2) After a long walk, they needed to find some ______ and have a rest.

  Keys: 1) shadow 2) shade

 

【练习】选择possess/ownhave 并用其适当的形式填空

1) We ­­­­­­­­______ a dinner party on for tomorrow evening.

2) She ______ herself of the unclaimed goods.

3) Daisy _______ a chain of restaurants though still young. 拥有连锁餐厅

4) we all like to attend Professor Zhang’s lecture because he _______ great tact.

Keys: 1) have  2) possessed 3) owns 4) possesses

【练习】根据句子结构,用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空

1)      Sometimes we are _________ by the desire to be rich and do everything we could to make the dream come true, but finally we will find out that the _______ of wealth may not necessarily bring happiness.(possess)

2)      The bad weather and the ________ confusion of traffic made it impossible for schools to operate as usual. _________, most of the students were taken back home by their parents.(consequence)

3)      The man rushed into the manager’s office ________ and asked for a refund.(aggress)

4)      An automotive ________ coming from U.S.A is ready to help us in science and _________ .(technique)

5)      A ________ employee would not like to leave his boss though the company had been bankrupted.(faith)

6)      With the development of meteorology (气象学), people make it ________to know the weather in advance.(predict)

keys:1) possessed; possession 2) consequent; Consequently 3) aggressively 4) technician; technology 5)faithful

6) predictive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 







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